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|2005 : January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
|Centuries:||20th century – 21st century – 22nd century|
|Decades:||1970s 1980s 1990s – 2000s – 2010s 2020s 2030s|
|Years:||2002 2003 2004 – 2005 – 2006 2007 2008|
|2005 by topic:|
|News by month|
| Jan – Feb – Mar – Apr – May – Jun
Jul – Aug – Sep – Oct – Nov – Dec
|Architecture – Art – Comics – Film – Home video – Literature ( Poetry) – Music ( Country, Metal, UK) – Radio – Television – Video gaming|
|Elections – Int'l leaders – Politics – State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Science and technology|
|Archaeology – Aviation – Birding/Ornithology – Meteorology – Palaeontology – Rail transport – Science – Spaceflight|
|Sport – Athletics (Track and Field) – Australian Football League – Baseball – Basketball – Football (soccer) – Cricket – Ice Hockey – Motorsport – Tennis – Rugby league|
|Algeria – Argentina – Australia – Bangladesh - Belgium - Brazil – Canada – People's Republic of China – Denmark – El Salvador – Egypt – European Union – France – Georgia – Germany – Ghana – Hungary – India – Iraq – Iran – Ireland – Israel – Italy – Japan – Kenya – Lithuania – Luxembourg – Malaysia – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Pakistan – Palestinian territories – Philippines – Poland – Romania – Russia – Singapore – South Africa – South Korea – Spain – Sri Lanka – United Arab Emirates – United Kingdom – United States|
|Awards – Law – Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Works and introductions categories|
| Works – Introductions
Works entering the public domain
|Ab urbe condita||2758|
|British Regnal year||53 Eliz. 2 – 54 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲申年十一月廿一日
— to —乙酉年十二月初一日
|- Vikram Samvat||2061–2062|
|- Shaka Samvat||1927–1928|
|- Kali Yuga||5106–5107|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||1005–1006|
|Japanese calendar|| Heisei 17
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 94
|Thai solar calendar||2548|
2005 (MMV) was a common year that started on a Saturday ( dominical letter B) in the Gregorian calendar. It was the 2005th year of Anno Domini or of the Common Era designation, the 5th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 6th of the 2000s decade.
2005 was designated:
- The Year of the Volunteer by the UK government.
- The World Year of Physics by the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.
- The International Year of the Eucharist in Catholicism.
- The Year of Cork City, Ireland, as European Capital of Culture.
- The Year of the Veteran in Canada.
- The Year of Discovery.
The year 2005 was the end of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995–2005).
- January 4 – Gunmen assassinate the Governor of Baghdad, Ali al-Haidari.
- January 5 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, is identified by a team led by Michael E. Brown using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
- January 9:
- January 12 – Deep Impact is launched from Cape Canaveral by a Delta 2 rocket.
- January 14 – The Huygens probe lands on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn.
- January 20 – George W. Bush is inaugurated in Washington, D.C. for his second term as the 43rd President of the United States.
- January 25 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi during a religious pilgrimage in India kills at least 250.
- January 30 – The first free Parliamentary elections in Iraq since 1958 take place.
- February 9 – An ETA car bomb injures at least 40 people at a conference centre in Madrid.
- February 10
- February 14
- Former Prime Minister of Lebanon Rafik Hariri is killed in Beirut after an assassination attempt by suicide bombing; it also kills at least 16 other people and injures 120 others.
- YouTube, the most popular video sharing website, is founded.
- 59 people are killed and 200 injured after a fire breaks out in a mosque in Tehran, Iran.
- February 16 – The Kyoto Protocol goes into effect, without the support of the United States and Australia.
- February 19 – Suicide bombers kill more than 30 people in Iraq as Shia Muslims mark Ashura, their holiest day.
- February 22 – More than 500 people are killed and over 1,000 injured, after entire villages are flattened in an earthquake (6.4 on the Richter scale) in the Zarand region of Kerman province in southern Iran.
- February 26 – Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak asks Parliament to amend the constitution to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005.
- March 3
- The freighter M/V Karen Danielsen crashes into the Great Belt Bridge of Denmark. All traffic across the bridge is closed, effectively separating Denmark in two.
- Millionaire Steve Fossett breaks a world record by completing the fastest non-stop, non-refueled, solo flight around the world in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer.
- Four Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers are gunned down in Mayerthorpe, Alberta, Canada. It is deadliest day in Canadian law enforcement in over 120 years.
- March 4 – The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by U.S. soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of 1 passenger and injuring 2 more.
- March 8 – The Pakistan Army opens fire on insurgents in Baluchistan, in the first armed uprising since General Rahimuddin Khan's stabilization of the province in 1978.
- March 14
- March 19 – A time bomb explodes in a Muslim shrine in Quetta, southwestern Pakistan, killing at least 29 people and wounding 40.
- March 23 – An explosion takes place at one of BP's largest oil refineries in Texas City, killing 15 and injuring more than 170.
- March 24 – The Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan reaches its climax with the overthrow of president Askar Akayev.
- March 26 – The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Between 200,000 and 300,000 attend the walk.
- April 2 – Pope John Paul II dies; over 4 million people travel to the Vatican to mourn him.
- April 6 – The first 13th root calculation of a 200-digit number is computed by Frenchman Alexis Lemaire.
- April 8 – A referendum is held in Curaçao on independence vs. integration with the Netherlands.
- April 9
- Tens of thousands of demonstrators, many of them supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr, march through Baghdad denouncing the U.S. occupation of Iraq, 2 years after the fall of Saddam Hussein, and rally in the square where his statue was toppled in 2003.
- Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles; The Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony at Windsor's Guildhall. Camilla acquires her title The Duchess of Cornwall.
- April 17 – Twelve holidaymakers are killed in southern Switzerland when a bus carrying 27 people plunges 656 feet (200 m) into a ravine.
- April 18 – Five people die in ethnic clashes in Iran's south-west Khuzestan province.
- April 19 – Pope Benedict XVI succeeds Pope John Paul II, becoming the 265th pope.
- April 20 – An earthquake (5.8 on the Richter scale) hits Fukuoka and Kasuga, Fukuoka, Prefecture, Japan, injuring 56.
- April 23 – YouTube was launched: the first video was uploaded at 20:27 pm.
- April 25 – Amagasaki rail crash: A passenger train derails in Amagasaki Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, killing 104 people and injuring at least another 450.
- April 26 – Facing international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
- April 27 – The Superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse.
- May 3 – At least 32 people are killed and 9 others injured when 3 two-story buildings in the eastern Pakistani city of Lahore collapse after gas cylinders stored in one of them explode.
- May 4 – In one of the largest insurgent attacks in Iraq, at least 60 people are killed and dozens wounded in a suicide bombing at a Kurdish police recruitment centre in Irbil, northern Iraq.
- May 5 – Labour government of Tony Blair in the United Kingdom wins a third successive general election.
- May 13 – Uzbek troops kill up to 700 during protests in eastern Uzbekistan over the trials of 23 accused Islamic extremists. President Islam Karimov defends the act.
- May 15 – A passenger ferry capsizes and sinks in strong winds in the Bura Gauranga River in Bangladesh, leaving 200 people missing.
- May 16 – George Galloway appears before a United States Senate committee, to answer allegations of making money from the Iraqi Oil-for-Food Programme.
- May 17 – Kuwaiti women are granted the right to vote.
- May 21 – Kingda Ka opens at Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park in Jackson, New Jersey as the world's tallest and (at the time) fastest roller coaster.
- May 31 – Deep Throat's identity is revealed by Vanity Fair to be Mark Felt.
- June 21 – A Volna booster rocket carrying the first light sail spacecraft (a joint Russian-United States project) fails 83 seconds after its launch, destroying the spacecraft.
- June 28
- Elizabeth II conducts the International Fleet Review of 167 international warships in the Solent, as part of the Trafalgar 200 celebrations.
- Three U.S. Navy SEALs, 16 American Special Operations Forces soldiers, and an unknown number of Taliban insurgents are killed during Operation Red Wings, a failed counter-insurgent mission in Kunar province, Afghanistan.
- July 2 – Live 8, a set of 10 simultaneous concerts, takes place throughout the world, raising interest in the Make Poverty History campaign.
- July 4
- July 6
- July 7 – Four terror attacks (3 on the London Underground and 1 on a bus) rock the transport network in London, killing 52 (not including the 4 bombers) and injuring over 700.
- July 12 – Terrorists kill 5 people and wound 90 in a crowded mall in Netanya, Israel. Islamic Jihad claims responsibility for attack.
- July 23 – A series of blasts hits a resort town in Egypt.
- July 26 – Mumbai, India receives 99.5 cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, bringing the city to a halt for over 2 days.
- July 28 – The Provisional IRA issues a statement formally ordering an end to the armed campaign it has pursued since 1969, and ordering all its units to dump their arms.
- August 1 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia died at the hospital because of pneumonia and a high fever.
- August 2 – Air France Flight 358 overran Runway 24L at Toronto Pearson International Airport.
- August 6 – Tuninter flight 1153 ditched due to engine failure. 16 die
- August 13 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched.
- August 14 – Helios Airways Flight 522 crashes near the town of Grammatiko in Greece, killing 121 people. Observations from fighter jet aircraft indicate a decompression problem.
- August 16 – West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes into a mountain in Venezuela, killing 152 passengers.
- August 18 – Peace Mission 2005, the first joint China–Russia military exercise, begins its 8-day training on the Shandong peninsula.
- August 22 – A 4.1 kilograms (9.0 lb) meteorite crashes into the Dotito area of Zambezi Escarpment in Zimbabwe, leaving a 150 millimeters (5.9 in) crater.
- August 23 – Israel's unilateral disengagement from 25 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank ends.
- August 29 – Hurricane Katrina makes land fall along the U.S. Gulf Coast causing severe damage. At least 1,836 die in the aftermath.
- August 31 – A crowd crush on the Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills several hundred civilians.
- September 2 – Protesters and Israeli forces clash in Bil'in.
- September 11 – Japan general election, 2005: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and the Liberal Democratic Party are returned to power.
- September 12 – Hong Kong Disneyland Resort in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong opens.
- September 14– September 16 – The largest UN World Summit in history is held in New York City.
- September 18 – Afghan parliamentary election: Former Northern Alliance warlords and their followers claim victory.
- September 19 – North Korea agrees to stop building nuclear weapons in exchange for aid and cooperation.
- September 23 – Convicted bank thief and Boricua Popular Army leader, Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, is killed in his home in Hormigueros, Puerto Rico, when members of the FBI attempt to serve an arrest warrant.
- September 26 – U.S. Army Reservist Lynndie England is convicted by a military jury on 6 of 7 counts, in connection with the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal.
- September 30 – Controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
- October 1
- The 2005 Bali bombings kill 26 people and injure more than 100.
- The world's largest bank, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, is formed by the merger of 2 Japanese banking conglomerates.
- An Australian photojournalist in Afghanistan, Stephen Dupont, films U.S. soldiers burning 2 dead Taliban militias' bodies.
- October 8 – The 2005 Kashmir earthquake kills about 80,000 people.
- October 12 – The second manned Chinese spacecraft, Shenzhou 6, is launched, carrying Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng for 5 days in orbit.
- October 15
- The referendum on the new proposed Iraqi constitution is held.
- The Qinghai-Tibet Railway is completed.
- October 19 – The Trials of Saddam Hussein begin.
- October 21 – The 200th Anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar is observed, with celebrations held around the United Kingdom.
- October 24 – Rosa Parks dies; Was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement."
- October 29 – At least 61 people are killed and many others wounded in 3 powerful blasts in the Indian capital, Delhi (see 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings).
- November 2 – The Spanish Congress of Deputies approves the admission to formality of the new Catalan Statute of Autonomy with the support of all the groups except the People's Party (PP), which the same day files an objection of unconstitutionality.
- November 4 – The U.S. and Uruguay governments sign a Bilateral Investment Treaty.
- November 9 – At least 50 people are killed and more than 120 injured in a series of coordinated suicide bombings in Amman, Jordan (See 2005 Amman bombings).
- November 13 – Andrew Stimpson, a 25-year-old British man, is reported as the first person proven to have been 'cured' of HIV.
- November 25 – The 20th Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting opens in Valletta, Malta.
- November 28 – December 9 – The United Nations Climate Change Conference is held in Montreal, Quebec.
- November 30 – Surgeons in France carry out the first human face transplant.
- December 6 – An Iranian C-130 Hercules airplane crashes into a ten-story building in a civilian area of Tehran, the capital of Iran, killing all 94 people aboard and 34 residents of the building (128 total).
- December 7 – The European Union TLD .eu is launched, and replaces .eu.int. Initially this will be only for business purposes. From 7 April 2006 onwards, EU citizens can also register .eu domains.
- December 11 – The 2005 Cronulla riots occur in Sydney, Australia, involving up to 5,000 youths.
- December 12 – Scientists announce that they have created mice with small amounts of human brain cells in an effort to make realistic models of neurological disorders.
- December 14 – Shakidor Dam fails in Pakistan due to heavy rain.
- December 16 – The 43rd Mersenne prime is found.
- December 20 – Aleksandër Moisiu University was founded in Durrës, Albania.
- December 23 – Chad declares a state of war with Sudan, following a December 18 attack on Adre, which left about 100 people dead.
- December 31 – Another second is added, 23:59:60, called a leap second, to end the year 2005. The last time this occurred was on June 30, 1998.
- June 26 – Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, daughter of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
- October 15 – Prince Christian of Denmark, son of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark and his wife Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
- October 31 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and his wife Letizia
- December 3 – Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway, grandson of King Harald V of Norway
- January 1
- January 2 – John Ziman, English-New Zealand physicist (b. 1925)
- January 4
- January 7 – Pierre Daninos, French writer and humorist (b. 1913)
- January 10 – Joséphine-Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1927)
- January 12 – Amrish Puri, Indian actor (b. 1932)
- January 15 – Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish Catalan soprano (b. 1923)
- January 17
- January 19
- January 20 – Per Borten, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1913)
- January 21
- January 23 – Johnny Carson, American television host (b. 1925)
- January 25 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
- February 1 – John Vernon, Canadian Actor (b.1932)
- February 2 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (b.1905)
- February 3 – Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1963)
- February 5 – Gnassingbé Eyadéma, President of Togo (b. 1935)
- February 6 – Merle Kilgore, American singer and songwriter (b. 1934)
- February 10 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (b. 1915)
- February 13 – Lucia dos Santos, Visionary to the Marian apparitions at Fátima (b. 1907) a Discalced Carmelite nun
- February 14 – Rafik Hariri, Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1944)
- February 17
- February 20
- February 22 – Simone Simon, French actress (b. 1910)
- February 25 – Peter Benenson, lawyer and founder of Amnesty International (b. 1921)
- March 3 – Rinus Michels, Dutch soccer player and coach (b. 1928)
- March 6
- March 9
- March 10 – Dave Allen, Irish comedian (b. 1936)
- March 13 – Lyn Collins, American soul singer (b. 1948)
- March 19 – John Z. DeLorean, American car maker (b.1925)
- March 21 – Bobby Short, American entertainer (b. 1924)
- March 22 – Clemente Domínguez y Gómez, Spanish spiritual leader (b. 1946)
- March 25 – George F. Kennan, American diplomat and political advisor (b. 1904)
- March 26 – James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1912)
- March 28 – Pal Losonczi, former Hungarian leader (b. 1919)
- March 29 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)
- March 30 – Fred Korematsu, American civil rights activist (b. 1919)
- March 31
- April 1 – Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and ambassador (b. 1925)
- April 2 – Pope John Paul II, Polish Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1920)
- April 5
- April 6 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1923)
- April 19 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)
- April 20 – Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (b. 1943)
- April 22 – Norman Bird, British actor (b. 1920)
- April 23 – John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)
- April 24 – Ezer Weizman, former President of Israel (b. 1924)
- April 26
- May 2 – Wee Kim Wee, President of Singapore (b. 1915)
- May 7 – Peter Wallace Rodino, American politician (b. 1909)
- May 8 – Lloyd Cutler, American attorney and Presidential advisor (b. 1917)
- May 13 – George Dantzig, American mathematician (b. 1914)
- May 14 – Jimmy Martin, American musician (b. 1927)
- May 21 – Howard Morris, American actor (b. 1919)
- May 22 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (b. 1914)
- May 25
- May 26 – Eddie Albert, American actor (b. 1906)
- June 4 – Ronald F. Marryott, American admiral (b. 1934)
- June 6
- June 13
- June 21 – Jaime Sin, Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
- June 25 – Domino Harvey, British born bounty hunter who moved to Los Angeles (b. 1969)
- June 28
- Michael P. Murphy, Navy SEAL, first Medal of Honour recipient of the War in Afghanistan
- Danny Dietz, Navy SEAL, Navy Cross recipient
- Matthew Axelson, Navy SEAL, Navy Cross recipient
- July 1 – Luther Vandross, American R&B singer (b. 1951)
- July 5 – James Stockdale, American admiral and vice presidential candidate (b. 1923)
- July 6 – Evan Hunter A.K.A. Ed McBain, American crime writer (b. 1926)
- July 17 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)
- July 18 – William Westmoreland, U.S. general (b. 1914)
- July 19 – John Tyndall, British activist (b. 1934)
- July 20 – James Doohan, Canadian actor (b. 1920)
- July 21
- July 23 – Myron Floren, American accordionist & musician (b. 1919)
- July 26
- July 31 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch president of the European Central Bank (b. 1935)
- August 1 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia (b. 1923)
- August 6 – Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
- August 7 – Peter Jennings, Canadian-American news anchor (b. 1938)
- August 8
- August 9 – Matthew McGrory, American actor (b. 1973)
- August 12 – Lakshman Kadirgamar, foreign minister of Sri Lanka (assassinated) (b. 1932)
- August 13 – David Lange, former Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1942)
- August 16
- August 19 – Mo Mowlam, British politician (b. 1949)
- August 21 – Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (b. 1936)
- August 22 – Luc Ferrari, French composer (b. 1929)
- September 3 – William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
- September 10 – Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, American musician (b. 1924)
- September 14 – Robert Wise, American film director (b. 1914)
- September 17 – Alfred Reed, American Composer and Conductor (b. 1921)
- September 18
- Michael Park, English Rally driver (b. 1966)
- Clint C. Wilson, Sr., American cartoonist (b. 1914)
- September 20 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian Holocaust survivor and Nazi hunter (b. 1908)
- September 23 – Roger Brierley, English actor (b. 1935)
- September 25 – Don Adams, American actor (b. 1923)
- September 26 – Jerry Juhl, American writer (b. 1938)
- September 27 – Ronald Golias, Brazilian actor and comedian (b. 1929)
- October 2 – Nipsey Russell, American actor and game show personality (b. 1918)
- October 3 – Ronnie Barker, British comic actor (b. 1929)
- October 10 – Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
- October 17 – Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
- October 22 – Arman, French-American artist (b. 1928)
- October 24
- October 28 – Richard Smalley, American chemist and physicist (b. 1943)
- November 2
- November 5 – John Fowles, English novelist (b. 1926)
- November 9 – K. R. Narayanan, former President of India (b. 1921)
- November 11
- November 12 – Arthur K. Cebrowski, American admiral (b. 1942)
- November 13 – Eddie Guerrero, Mexican-American professional wrestler (b. 1967)
- November 19 – Erik Balling, Danish television and film director (b. 1924)
- November 20 – Chris Whitley, American musician (b. 1945)
- November 24 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
- November 25
- November 26 – Takanori Arisawa, Japanese Composer (b. 1951)
- November 28 – Tony Meehan, English drummer ( The Shadows) (b. 1943)
- December 1 – Mary Hayley Bell (Lady Mary Mills), Actress & Writer (b. 1911)
- December 2
- December 6 – Devan Nair, President of Singapore (b. 1923)
- December 10 – Richard Pryor, American comedian (b. 1940)
- December 12 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian film director (b. 1917)
- December 13 – Stanley Williams, American gang founder (b. 1953)
- December 16 – John Spencer, American actor (b. 1946)
- December 18 – Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (b. 1922)
- December 19 – Vincent Gigante, New York City mafia boss (b. 1928)
- December 21 – William C. Rodgers, American arsonist (b. unknown)
- December 23 – Yao Wenyuan, Chinese politician (b. 1931)
- December 25
- December 26
- December 28 – Patrick Cranshaw, American actor (b.1919)
- December 29 – Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (b. 1922)
- Physics – Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, and Theodor W. Hänsch
- Chemistry – Robert Grubbs, Richard Schrock, and Yves Chauvin
- Physiology or Medicine – Robin Warren, and Barry Marshall
- Literature – Harold Pinter
- Peace – Mohamed ElBaradei
- Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Robert J. Aumann, and Thomas Schelling
- The Transformers: The Movie (1986): The story takes place in 2005, 20 years after the events of the TV series.
- Bicentennial Man (1999): This movie is set in April, 2005.
- Metal Gear Solid (1998): The story is set in 2005, when the game itself was released in 1998.
- Twisted Metal (1995): The tenth "Twisted Metal" competition takes place on Christmas Eve in the streets of Los Angeles.